Blickwechsel: Human Rights Due Diligence in Mineral Supply Chains, 2018
Jannick Saegert and Gregor Grossmann
Smartphones, electric vehicles and wind turbines all have one thing in common: they cannot be manufactured without critical mineral resources which often originate from conflict-affected or high-risk areas. These minerals which are often termed "conflict minerals", include tin, tantalum, tungsten, gold and, since more recently, cobalt. They make semiconductors faster, batteries more powerful and metal alloys more resistant to extreme temperatures.